Ankle Pain

Ankle pain can often be due to an ankle sprain, namely an inversion sprain. This is where the lateral ligament complex, which comprises of three ligaments, the ATFL (Anterior Talo-Fibular Ligament which goes from the talus to the fibula), the CFL (Calcaneo-Fibular Ligament which goes from the calcaneus to the fibula) and the PTFL (Posterior Talo-Fibular Ligament which goes from the talus to the fibula) which all support the joint capsule is over-stretched. The lateral ligament complex limits inversion (rolling outwards) of the ankle. The treatment for this condition, albeit minor or moderate, is Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.

Other causes of ankle pain can include peroneal tendon injuries, tarsal tunnel syndrome (nerve compression), Achilles tendon injuries, fractures, Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD) where there can be marked flattening of the medial arch of the foot, and poor biomechanics.