Hip Pain

The hip joint is a bony and ligamentous structure that allows extensive range of motion without sacrificing stability. The majority of injuries to the hip are chronic over-use problems rather than acute injuries.

The injuries and conditions affecting the hip can include stress fractures, tendonitis/bursitis, sprains and capsulitis.

Stress fractures

The number of stress fractures seen in clinic has increased over the last 20 years because of the increased amount of individuals who regularly participate in sport. A stress fracture is a partial or complete break in the structure of the bone due to repeated loading such as running and jumping activities.

Pain is the main symptom and is mostly located in the groin. Some pain may occur in the abdominal muscles.

Tendonitis and Bursitis

Within the hip it is very difficult to differentiate between the two. Trochanteric bursitis is inflammation on the lateral aspect of the hip. It occurs between the tensor fascia lata and the greater trochanter of the hip. Symptoms include pain along the lateral aspect of the upper thigh. Repeated hip flexion and extension may cause pain because the tensor fascia lata glides over the inflamed bursa.

Capsulitis

All ranges of hip motion are affected; the most problematic movements are flexion and abduction of the hip. The main symptoms are pain and stiffness.